This site was medically reviewed by:

Lillie Shockney, RN, BS, MAS

Ms. Shockney is director of the Johns Hopkins University (JHU) clinical breast programs and director of the cancer survivorship programs for Johns Hopkins Medicine. She is also associate professor in the Department of Surgery and Department of Gynecology at the JHU School of Medicine and associate professor at the JHU School of Nursing. She is a distinguished service associate professor of breast cancer at JHU. She has written 13 books and more than 200 articles on breast cancer and speaks publicly on the subject. She has received 39 national and state awards for her work and her dedication to the breast cancer field (including being inducted into the Maryland Women Hall of Fame). She serves on the medical advisory board of several national breast cancer organizations, is the ABC News consultant on breast cancer and is the co-founder and vice president of a national nonprofit organization called "Mothers Supporting Daughters with Breast Cancer." She is also an active clinical researcher with a focus on quality-of-life issues for survivors.